ЕВРОПЕЙСКА ПОЛИТИКА ЗА ЗАЩИТА ПОДАТЕЛИТЕ НА СИГНАЛИ ЗА НЕРЕДНОСТИ, ИЗМАМИ И КОРУПЦИЯ И БЪЛГАРСКАТА ДЕЙСТВИТЕЛНОСТ

Милка Йосифова

Abstract: According to Art. 45 of the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, citizens have the right to complaints,
proposals and petitions to the state authorities. It is a means of civil control over the activities of state authorities and
the opportunity for the administration to improve and democratize its activities. The aim is to remedy the violations,
irregularities and harmful effects of illegal and inappropriate actions.
Enduring problems and different practices in the Member States of the European Union concerning the mechanisms
for effective protection of whistle-blowers of corruption, fraud and violations brings to the fore the debate on a common
policy, based on a positive, good and effective practices and achievements. The task is to achieve a legal order and
security for every citizen and to assure his rights, powers and duties to cooperate and fight against everything that
violates the democratic principles and values, economic prosperity and the rule of law. The law stipulates a concept of
"public interest" as a synonym for the common good, the common wealth, general prosperity and common wellbeing
and last but not least common justice and equality before the law (Yosifova, 2018). The achievement of this good
practice requires the commitment of all its citizens to notify the competent authorities of each infringement, fraud and
corruption without fear that repressive and harsh measures would follow to affect their health, official and political
development and/or members of their families.

Key words: Whistle-blowers, Protection, Corruption, Irregularities, Fraud

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